Everyone is at risk for glaucoma. However, certain groups are at higher risk than others.
- If your internal eye pressure (intraocular pressure) is higher than normal, you're at increased risk of developing glaucoma, though not everyone with elevated intraocular pressure develops the disease.
- Age. You're at a higher risk of glaucoma if you're older than age 60, particularly if you're Mexican-American. For certain groups such as African-Americans, however, the risk of developing glaucoma is much higher and occurs at a younger age than that of other groups.
- Ethnic background. African-Americans older than age 40 have much higher risk of developing glaucoma. African-Americans also are more likely to experience permanent blindness as a result of glaucoma.
- Family history of glaucoma. If you have a family history of glaucoma, you have a greater risk of developing it.
- Medical conditions. Several conditions may increase your risk of developing glaucoma, including diabetes, heart diseases, high blood pressure and hypothyroidism.
- Other eye conditions. Severe eye injuries can cause increased eye pressure. Other eye conditions that could cause increased risk of glaucoma include eye tumors, retinal detachment, eye inflammation and lens dislocation.